What Can Cause Children's Teeth To Stain?
Parents often wonder why their children's teeth stain. Many factors exist
that can cause some form of staining in the teeth. The causes of stains
that occur from outer sources are called extrinsic stains. Examples can
- dietary habits of the child
- plaque and debris
- certain vitamins, especially those that contain iron
- poor oral hygiene habits
Other causes of staining in children's teeth can occur from events that
occurred during development of the teeth. These are usually classified
as intrinsic stains and are stained from within the tooth. Examples can
- disturbances from certain medications or the use of medications for
prolonged periods of time.
- illnesses that cause recurrent fevers
- certain medical conditions that affect the development of teeth
- excessive use of fluoride supplements
Intrinsic stains are usually the result of a disturbance within the tooth
that occurred during the tooth's formative years. The cells of the enamel,
which are quite sensitive to any abnormal disturbances, are affected,
causing the staining and discolorations. These type of stains are usually
treated with more invasive measures, whereas extrinsic stains are usually
removed by the dentist or hygienist.
Black or brown stains: possible causes in younger children include trauma. If a child is hit in the mouth or hits a tooth, the blood vessels inside
the tooth hemorrhage causing the blood to enter the dentin layer. This
results in a discolored tooth. It is important to note that after initial
trauma to the child's tooth, immediate discoloration may not show. A dentist
should be visited.
Whitish or brownish chalky spots: usually caused by excessive fluoride
during the formative years.
Greenish stains: found around the necks of children's teeth, by the gum
line. This usually leaves when complete eruption of the tooth occurs. If this doesn't happen, then the tooth may be cleaned by the dentist or